Student Loan

Biden Student Loan Forgiveness Update: Reviewed by Bankcreditrates

Published On January 8, 2024

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In the area of financial and economic sector, I have gained more knowledge and insights through the research, about the global economy. In this article, we will take a closer look in the new updates related to Biden student loan forgivess tactics. 

When the pandemic occurred the government stopped student loan payments and interest on federal loans. This helped borrowers have a break to repay their loan installments. President Biden wanted to forgive a lot of students’ debt. 

But in June, the Supreme Court said that he couldn’t do what he wanted as the education department has the power to make modest changes and additions but can’t transform them entirely.

The Biden administration is working on an alternative plan to provide relief for American students with loan debt. The Supreme Court has rejected Biden’s initial plan for mass loan forgiveness, so he came up with a new approach. 

This approach is called negotiated rulemaking or neg reg. This is to make changes to federal higher education laws that will allow more forgivers to forgive their loans.

What we know: Key facts

  • In June, the Supreme Court said that President Biden couldn’t forgive student loans using a law called the HEROES Act. So he is thinking about using the Higher Education Act, a law from 1965.
  • To understand the function of this law, the administration is creating a group of 14 people from different education categories to have 3 meetings.
  • As stated above, this process is called negotiated rulemaking. This will bring people from different areas like state officials, loan companies, and college representatives to talk about the changes to be made to the law. The main goal of the law is to forgive the student loans.
  • They will discuss things like how to help borrowers who owe more than their original amount and how to assist them.

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Biden Administration’s New Student Loan Relief Plan

as per time.com The Biden Administration is working on a plan to provide relief for student loans through the Higher Education Act (HEA). This law oversees things like federal student loans. It gives the Secretary of Education the power to forgive or reduce loans for specific groups, such as public servants and those who are permanently disabled.

As of now, we still need to get all the specifics for President Biden’s new student loan relief effort. The Education Department has mentioned they want to help borrowers who owe more than their initial loan amount, have been making payments for at least 25 years, have taken out loans that resulted in unreasonably high debt, or are eligible for repayment programs but haven’t enrolled in them.

It’s worth noting that this relief may not be as extensive as previous efforts. According to a professor at the University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School, it’s a more limited initiative.

We might see new HEA rules allowing student loan relief as early as next spring, but that depends on how quickly the negotiators can agree on the details.

What is being discussed?

As a part of this process, the Education Department has announced its focus on 5 specific categories of borrowers. These include:

  • those with loan balances higher than their original amount.
  • those who graduated with unreasonably high debt.
  • borrowers facing various problems not covered by existing forgiveness alternatives.

What are the draft regulations set by the education department?

The education department has drafted regulations for most of the above-mentioned categories. They propose one-time full or partial relief for borrowers whose loan balances exceed the original amount and for those in repayment status for at least 25 years.

These rules also suggest that borrowers can become eligible for relief if their educational program fails the department’s new gainful employment rule.

What are the potential impact and next steps in this program?

While this new plan does not many advantages as the original plan, it could still help a significant number of borrowers. This loan relief program aims to provide relief to those who have been struggling with their student loan debt.

For the next step, the draft proposals will be shared with the committee’s negotiators and discussions will continue in the upcoming meeting, which is starting from November 6, 2023.

The Education Department will refine the rules with the committee’s help and will also take public feedback. If the committee can’t reach any agreement, the Education Department has to create its plan.

Who can benefit from Biden student loan forgiveness?

  • The borrowers who have been making loan payments for 25 or more years.
  • Those with loan balances higher than their original amount due to interest.
  • Students who attended programs that led to unreasonable debt.
  • Borrowers are eligible for income-based repayment plans.
  • Those facing financial hardship are not addressed by the current system.

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Conclusion

Biden administration is working hard for student loan forgiveness. So far, President Biden has forgiven $127 billion in student loans. But this is just a small part of the $1.7 trillion total student loan that Americans have. They are still working on mass forgiveness, and some smaller groups have already got relief. This effort from Biden’s administration shows the commitment to address the student loan crisis and help the borrowers.

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FAQs for Biden Student Loan Forgiveness Update

President Biden’s original plan aimed to forgive a significant portion of student loan debt, with proposals to wipe away up to $20,000 in student debt for millions of people, particularly those making under $125,000 per year.

The Supreme Court rejected President Biden’s initial plan, stating that the education department has the authority to make modest changes to existing provisions but cannot transform them entirely.

“Negotiated rulemaking” is a process used to make changes to federal higher education laws to enable more borrowers to have their loans discharged. It involves discussions and negotiations among various stakeholders, including state officials, loan companies, and college representatives.

Borrowers may qualify for student loan forgiveness under the Higher Education Act if they fall into specific categories, such as having loan balances higher than the original amount, graduating with unreasonably high debt, or facing problems not covered by existing forgiveness alternatives.

While the new plan may not provide as broad relief as the original plan, it could still help a significant number of borrowers who have been struggling with their student loan debt.

The Education Department will refine the proposed regulations with the help of a committee and take public feedback when the rules are officially published. Public feedback can be submitted through the provided link.

The latest information shows that the Biden-Harris team’s ongoing hard work to mend the troubled student loan system is bringing significant results. Over 3.6 million borrowers have now been granted approval for almost $132 billion in loan forgiveness

If you’ve been making payments on your loans for over 20 or 25 years, they might qualify for forgiveness. If you’ve been on an Income-Driven Repayment (IDR) plan and made payments for 20 or 25 years (that’s 240 or 300 months), your loans could be forgiven in the spring of 2023.

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